Would you go into your backyard, dig a big hole, and throw $50 in every month? Wait, there’s more. Continuing adding your money every month and don’t take any out until you’re ready to buy a house. Sounds crazy, right? But that’s what you’re doing if you’re investing without setting clear-cut goals. If you’re lucky, you may end up with enough money to meet your needs, but you have no way to know for sure.

How do you set investment goals?

The first step in investing is getting specific about your dreams for the future. If you’re married or in a long-term relationship, spend some time together discussing your joint and individual goals. It’s best to be as specific as possible. For instance, you may know you want to retire, but at what age? What do you want to do in your retirement? If you’re going to help your child to pay for college, does that mean a private college or the local community college?

You’ll end up with a list of goals. Some of these goals will be long term (15+ years to plan), some will be short term (5 years or less to prepare), and some will be intermediate (5-15 years). You can then decide how much money you’ll need to accumulate and which investments can best help you meet your goals. Remember that there can be no guarantee that any investment strategy will be successful and that all investing involves risk, including the possible loss of principal.

planning for a comfortable retirement

Planning for your future retirement

After a hard day at the office, do you ask, “Is it time to retire yet?” Retirement may seem a long way off, but it’s never too early to start planning — especially if you want your retirement to be a secure one. The sooner you start, the more ability you have to let time do some of the work of making your money grow.

Let’s say that your goal is to retire at age 65 with $500,000 in your retirement fund. At age 25, you decide to begin contributing $250 per month to your company’s 401(k) plan. If your investment earns 6 percent per year, compounded monthly, you would have more than $500,000 in your 401(k) account when you retire. (This is a hypothetical example, of course, and does not represent the results of any specific investment.)

But what would happen if you left things to chance instead? Let’s say you wait until you’re 35 to begin investing. Assuming you contributed the same amount to your 401(k) and the rate of return on your investment dollars was the same, you would end up with only about half the amount in the first example. Though it’s never too late to start working toward your goals, as you can see, early decisions can have enormous consequences later on.

Additional tips to keep in mind as you’re planning your retirement saving and investing strategy:

  • Plan for longevity. Average life expectancies in this country have been increasing for years, and many people live even longer than those averages.
  • Consider your time horizon and invest accordingly. For instance, if retirement is a long way off and you can handle some risk, you might choose to put a more significant percentage of your money in stock (equity) investments. Stock investments, though more volatile, offer a higher potential for long-term returns than do more conservative investments. Conversely, if you’re nearing retirement, a more significant portion of your nest egg might be devoted to investments focused on income and preservation of your capital.
  • Don’t forget to factor in inflation. When determining how much you’ll need to save for retirement, don’t forget that the higher the cost of living, the lower your real rate of return on your investment dollars.

 

investing for higher education

Preparing for higher education

Whether you’re saving for your child’s education or planning to return to school yourself, paying tuition costs requires forethought — and the sooner, the better. With college costs growing faster than inflation, getting an early start, and understanding how to use tax advantages and investment strategies to make the most of your savings can make an enormous difference in reducing or eliminating any post-graduation debt burden. The more time you have before you need the money, the more you’re able to take advantage of compounding to build a substantial college fund. With a longer investment time frame and a tolerance for some risk, you might also be willing to put some of your money into investments that offer the potential for growth.

Additional tips to consider:

  • Estimate how much it will cost to send your child to college and plan accordingly. Estimates of the average future cost of tuition at two-year and four-year public and private colleges and universities are widely available.
  • Research financial aid packages that can help offset part of the cost of college. Although there’s no guarantee your child will receive financial aid, at least you’ll know what kind of help is available should you need it.
  • Look into state-sponsored tuition plans that put your money into investments tailored to your financial needs and time frame. For instance, most of your dollars may be allocated to growth investments initially; later, as your child approaches college, more conservative investments can help conserve principal.
  • Think about how you might resolve conflicts between goals. For instance, if you need to save for your child’s education and your retirement at the same time, how will you do it?

 

using investments to buy a house

Using investments to buy a house or other major purchases

At some point, you’ll probably want to buy a home, a car, maybe even that yacht that you’ve always wanted. Although they’re hardly impulse items, large purchases often have a shorter time frame than other financial goals; one to five years is common.

Because you don’t have much time to invest, you’ll have to budget your investment dollars wisely. Rather than choosing growth investments, you may want to put your money into less volatile, highly liquid investments that have some potential for growth, but that offer you quick and easy access to your money should you need it.

If you need help establishing investment goals and creating an appropriate strategy to reach those goals, contact me for a complimentary consultation.

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